Draft BEREC Report on the IP Interconnection ecosystem

Document number: BoR (24) 93

Document date: 06-06-2024

Date of registration: 11-06-2024

Document type:
Author: BEREC

The debate about IP interconnection (IP-IC) was revitalised in 2021/2022 and has gained momentum since then. To contribute to the ongoing debate on IP-IC, BEREC has re-evaluated its earlier findings by preparing this report on the IP-IC ecosystem. This is the third BEREC report on this matter following the publication of its reports on IP-IC in the context of Net Neutrality in 2012 and 2017.

Although the scope of this report is limited to the IP-IC ecosystem, it is worth noting that there may be some overlap with the debate on payments from large content and application providers (CAPs) to internet access service (IAS) providers. However, the objective of this report is not to replicate that specific debate. In this report, BEREC assesses the current status of IP-IC in Europe and the market developments since the previous reports. The focus of the report is the period from early 2017 to autumn 2023 and it also includes an analysis of the likely trends from 2023 to 2030, where objective data exists.